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Homo Sovieticus

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To explain how this process of indoctrination took place I want to mention some characteristics of an ideology. Each ideology has a claim to the absolute truth, to explain all elements of reality, especially of social reality and history. It is a doctrine, worked out to a closed logical system in which everything fits and everything has its place. It is fixed, unchanging and because of that will not correlate anymore with the present day reality after some decades, becomes outdated and is therefore doomed to fail. The base of an ideology is always a theory; one or more books to be later worked out in a practical programme designed by intellectuals or people with experience. Mostly the claim of an ideology is also to create a happy society. Negative things in life have to be accepted as being necessary to work for a positive goal and can therefore be easily used for manipulation and coercion. And finally, each ideology wants everyone to believe in it because the designers of it are truly convinced of its truth. 2.2 How the communist ideology shaped peoples minds. The homo sovieticus was made by the socialist system in a gradual way. The specific ideology of communism evoked three “virtues” in man. Obedience, fear and habit. Loyality to the system out of fear of punishment or just to be a ‘good citizen’; habit because everything was ruled and organized by the state. Each day looked very much the same. Everything was done for them and no individual initiative was allowed to take place. ia berjiwa mandiri dan tidak bergantung kepada pemilik otoritas, seperti presiden, pejabat, atau atasannya sendiri; Lynne Atwood. The New Soviet Man and Woman, Sex-Role Socialization in the USSR. Palgrave Macmillan London, 1990.

Join us after the film for a panel discussion about this phenomenon and its repercussions on contemporary geopolitics. Filmmakers Ivo Briedis and Rita Ruduša will be joined by Craig Kennedy, from the Harvard University’s Davis Center of Russian and Eurasian Studies, and filmmaker Darya Zhuk. Moderated by Daris Dēliņš. Steiner, Evgeny. Avant-garde and Construction of the New Man (Штейнер Е.С. Авангард и построение Нового Человека). Moscow: New Literary Observer, 2002. (The English version of this book was published under the title Stories for Little Comrades. Seattle & London: University of Washington Press, 1999). Indiferentiškas požiūris į darbą buvo išreikštas posakiu „jie vaidina, kad mums moka, mes vaidiname, kad dirbame“ MIT Press Direct is a distinctive collection of influential MIT Press books curated for scholars and libraries worldwide.Indifference to common property and to petty theft from the workplace, either for personal use or for profit. [7] A line from a popular song, "Everything belongs to the kolkhoz, everything belongs to me" (" всё теперь колхозное, всё теперь моё" / vsyo teperь kolkhoznoe, vsyo teperь moyo), meaning that people on collective farms treasured all common property as their own, was sometimes used ironically to refer to instances of petty theft: "Take from the plant every nail, you are the owner here, not a guest" (" Тащи с завода каждый гвоздь - ты здесь хозяин, а не гость" / taschi s zavoda kazhdyj gvozd' - ty zdes' hozyain, a ne gost'). In some sense, this corresponds well to the collective experience of the late Soviet period, when nepotism was omnipresent and upward social mobility was severely restricted by what Milovan Đilas called the rise of “ the new class,” the privileged stratum of the Communist party bureaucracy that formed the new “aristocracy” of the Soviet society. Thus, for example, if one wanted to go into prestigious areas like diplomacy, one normally had to be a son of a “party aristocrat,” (the daughters were somewhat less appreciated in that trade).

In the opinion of a former US ambassador to Kazakhstan, a tendency to drink heavily: "[a Kazakh defence minister] appears to enjoy loosening up in the tried and true Homo Sovieticus style – i.e., drinking oneself into a stupor". [8] Facts & Figures Annual statistics from "Baltic Films" - co-operation platform of the national film institutions in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. According to research carried out by Yuri Levada and his team (including Lev Gudkov) in 1989-2003, an oppressive socioeconomic environment resulted in generations of mistrustful and cynical citizens, largely dependent on the overbearing care of the State; normalizing doing the bare minimum at work and stealing from the workplace; developing a self-destructive drinking habit; avoiding taking personal responsibility and demonstrating a generally low level of ambition. His work required exertion and austerity, to show the new man triumphing over his base instincts. [10] Alexey Stakhanov's [11] [12] record-breaking day in mining coal caused him to be set forth as the exemplar of the "new man" and the members of Stakhanovite movements tried to become Stakhanovites. [13] In their articles and lectures , the well-known sociologist Yuri Levada and members of his group Levada Center attributed the following to the typical negative features of Homo soveticus: [13] [14] [15]

Term Paper, 2000

Po pozegnaniu z komunizmem czlowiek wita sie z samym soba. Uswiadania sobie swa wolnosc. Wybiara ja jako podstawowa wartosc, od której moze zaczac sie etyka. Najpierw jest to etyka prawdy. Nastepnie staje sie wlasnoscia siebie.” (Tischner, 1992) Homo sovieticus ( псевдо- lat.— « гомо совєтікус», буквально «людина радянська»)— саркастичний і критичний термін, що вживається до середньостатистичної людини, яка народилася в Радянському Союзі або в одній з країн Східного блоку [1] і яка сприймає навколишній світ, використовуючи виключно систему мітів Радянського Союзу.

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